Cyber forensics is studied as part of the digital forensic science subject. It pertains to the legal evidence lying in the digital storage media and the cyber space. Since the advent of digital age, the need to have cyber professionals has grown exponentially. It has basically resulted from the internet explosion in India that was witnessed recently owing to e-governance, e-banking, e-commerce and social media.The demand for the course of B. Tech. Computer Science with Cyber Security and Forensics was triggered with continuous attacks on social media and its misuse. So, there was a cyber terrorism threat to the internet security of our country which it was not properly equipped to handle. After this threat started to impact the national security, the Indian government passed a resolution to have its cyber protection architecture in place at the national level.Cyber Security Policy for Data ProtectionThe policy was proposed in 2011 seeking to protect the national assets from cyber-attacks and offering protection to the information of citizens. It was also directed at strengthening team dealing with Computer Emergency Response to audit, protect and spread awareness about the issue along with encouraging open standards. It is estimated that by the end of 2015, India may need about five lakh experts in to handle its cyber security to support the growing internet economy.Opportunities with Different SectorsThe financial sector itself is going to hire about two lakh people including those working for oil and gas, power, utility, airlines, telcos and government. So, the government is looking forward to hiring such professionals for its e-governance and law and order departments. The massive hiring is expected as the Indian information security market continues to see an upward trend despite an economic slowdown.Topics to be Covered Therefore, a B. Tech. degree in computer science with specialisation in cyber security and forensics is soon to be introduced by many universities in India. As there was a need to have a curriculum for information protection, the head of departments introduced the course in their respective institutions to meet the talent demand. They started teaching subjects including environmental studies, introduction to open source software and open standards, HTML programming, mathematical logic, data structures using C and engineering graphics.In addition, papers like computer systems architecture, information security fundamentals, design and analysis of algorithms, database management systems and data modelling with electronic devices and circuits were added. Also, subjects, such as microprocessors and embedded systems, storage technology foundation, philosophy of science and theory of automata and computation were taught as part of this discipline.There were more topics added into this discipline as they were relevant in the modern day virtual world.
When asked about the most useful major, it is easy to think in generic terms of wealth and fortune. If so, a major in the computer sciences would prove lucrative. With a median salary of $80,000 and a 38% expected job growth within the next eight years, professions requiring a degree in the computer sciences are in demand. Indeed, even my six months interning for Boeing supported the numbers: those with an extensive knowledge of computers were exalted as gods. In the mere half year, I witnessed two engineers promoted up the ranks- coincidentally, both were computer science graduates.However, the term “useful” is not a neat package that can be simply handed everyone. Rather, it can only be defined personally, aligned to each individual’s needs and dreams. Useful could mean one’s contributions to society, personal gain, or satisfaction from a job well done. Useful could mean job security, wealth, or utilitarian value. But above all else, a useful major is a major someone cares enough about to be productive. It is a major committed to and sacrificed for; it is a field of interest that captivates and motivates one to do more, go the extra mile, stay extra hours to finish any remaining problems. The major taken should correlate with personal interests so that the boundless enthusiasm expressed for study will translate into productivity in a future career. Everyone has their own niche, their own major, their own curiosity for a certain subject. Knowing this, I personally find an aerospace engineering major to be of utmost utility for my own future plans.Since childhood, I have been infected with the “plane bug”: whenever the sound of engines screams across the blue ceiling, whenever the product of man’s ingenuity conquers the chains of gravity, I am compelled to stare skyward. My interests have led me to pursue an understanding of the dynamics of flight. But aerospace engineering is not the Holy Grail for everyone as it is for me. Most people don’t spend hours constructing wooden models of their own airplane designs, drawing vector and differential equation fields, or staring into the night sky for hours, waiting for the rumble and blinking lights overhead. Most people don’t take multi-variable calculus, research at UC Riverside and UCLA, or intern for Boeing. Most people don’t dream of the innovation that can be derived from aerospace engineering or the world-wide effects of such technological advancements.Everyone is different. Though they may not have my passion for flight, they are just as excited by their own dreams and aspirations. There is not one most useful major, no matter what the numbers or trends say. We each can make our own numbers, our own worth with our desire to make a mark in our respective fields: passion for the work is the catalyst; useful productivity and utility is the result. There is no one major for all of us, but each of us has his or her major.